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Exercise Terminology

Too often we read through journal articles, papers, blogs, magazine articles and don't understand something. It can be a small term and sometimes we have heard it a few times. But if it is a new concept, something unfamiliar then we can miss out on the whole point of what is being said.

That is why we have decided to create a terms page.

If there is anything technical that we write or see then we will try to link it to the page here.

Hope it helps.

Should I use heat or should I use ice?

Use ice for pain and swelling and heat for reduced mobility and stiffness.

Read more on the:

What are DOMS?

DOMS is an acronym that stands for delayed onset muscle soreness. This is the pain and stiffness felt in muscles after training or strenuous exercises. it can start 24 hours after exercise and intensifies over the following 48 - 72 hours.

Want to know how to treat and prevent DOMS?

What is cold-water immersion therapy?

Cold-water immersion therapy, or CWI for short, is the practice of placing a body part into iced water. As an example, when you see an athlete standing in a wheelie bin up to their waist full of ice and water. It is used to help reduce DOMs and speed up the recovery process in the muscles.

Want to know more about the benefits of ice after sport?

What is eccentric training?

Eccentric training is the controlled lowering phase of an exercise.

For example; if you go to sit down in a chair lower yourself down for a count of 5 seconds. This phase is classed as eccentric.

What is isometric training?

Isometric training or an isometric hold is holding a weight in a set position without moving.

For example; pick up a weight and hold it out in front of you for five seconds. This is an isometric hold.

What is lactate threshold?

Lactate or Lactic Acid is the by-product produced in the muscle when we work to high intensity. Lactate causes cramps. The lactate threshold is how long an athlete can work before they generate a build-up of lactate in the muscles.

What is mean arterial pressure?

Mean arterial pressure measures the flow, resistance, and pressure in your arteries during one heartbeat.

What is muscle oxygen saturation?

A new sensor was developed that when placed on a muscle could tell us how much oxygen is being delivered to the muscles and how much it is used.


What is Partial Body Cryotherapy?

Partial body cryotherapy, or PBC for short, refers to using a method of cooling one specific section of the body like that of the calf cuff.

Want to know more about the benefits of cryotherapy?

What is proprioception?

Proprioception is the body's awareness of where it is in space. As an example, close your eyes, move your right arm up into any position then move your left arm to match it. Open your eyes and they should be in the same position.

This is achieved through the muscle spindles inside of our muscles that feedback the sensory information to the brain.

What is VO2 Max

The maximum or optimum rate at which the heart, lungs, and muscles can effectively use oxygen during exercise, is used as a way of measuring a person's individual aerobic capacity.

Basically a scientific measure of how fit we are

6 comments on “Exercise Terminology”

  1. […] paper the researchers took a group of male professional soccer players and put them through the Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test (LIST) in order to raise the levels of lactate in the blood, one of the primary contributors to delayed […]

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