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Exercise Glossary of Terms

Too often we read through journal articles, papers, blogs, magazine articles and don’t understand something. It can be a small term and sometimes we have heard it a few times. But if it is a new concept, something unfamiliar then we can miss out on the whole point on what is being said.

That is why we have decided to create a terms page.

If there is anything technical that we write or see then we will try to link it to the page here.

Hope it helps

What is bursitis?

Bursa is small rubber-like discs that are located all around various joints in the body. They are designed to prevent tendons and ligaments rubbing against bone and other structures. However, too much friction on one of these bursae, normally from a tight muscle, will cause them to become inflamed and painful.

Bursitis literally translates to inflammation of the bursa.

Burs – itis (Bursa – inflammation)

 

What is cold-water immersion therapy?

Cold-water immersion therapy, or CWI for short, is the practice of placing a body part into iced water. As an example, when you see an athlete standing in a wheelie bin up to their waist full of ice and water. It is used to help reduce DOMs and speed up the recovery process in the muscles.

Want to know more about the benefits of ice after sport?

What Are DOMS?

DOMS is an acronym that stands for delayed onset muscle soreness. This is the pain and stiffness felt in muscles after training or strenuous exercises. it can start 24 hours after exercise and intensifies over the following 48 – 72 hours.

Want to know how to treat and prevent DOMS?

What is eccentric Training?

Eccentric training is the controlled lowering phase of an exercise.

Example; if you go to sit down in a chair lower yourself down for a count of 5 seconds. This phase is classed as eccentric.

What is isometric training?

Isometric training or an isometric hold is holding a weight in a set position without moving.

Example; pick up a weight and hold it out in front of you for five seconds. This is an isometric hold.

What is lactate threshold?

Lactate or Lactic Acid is the by-product produced in the muscle when we work to high intensity. Lactate causes cramp. Lactate threshold is how long an athlete can work for before they generate a build-up of lactate in the muscles.

What is mean arterial pressure?

Mean arterial pressure measures the flow, resistance, and pressure in your arteries during one heartbeat.

What is muscle oxygen saturation?

A new sensor was developed that when placed on a muscle could tell us how much oxygen is being delivered to the muscles and how much it is using.

What is Partial Body Cryotherapy?

Partial body cryotherapy or PBC for short, refers to using a method of cooling to one specific section of the body like that of the calf cuff.

Want to know more about the benefits of cyrotherapy?

What is proprioception?

Proprioception is the bodies awareness of where it is in space. As an example, close your eyes, move your right arm up into any position then move your left are to match it. Open your eyes and they should be in the same position.

This is achieved through the muscle spindles inside of our muscles that feed back the sensory information to the brain.

What is VO2 Max

The maximum or optimum rate at which the heart, lungs, and muscles can effectively use oxygen during exercise, used as a way of measuring a person’s individual aerobic capacity.

Basically a scientific measure of how fit we are

6 Comments

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